The role of oxygen in sustaining life earth cannot be over-emphasized so much so that life cannot exist should there be no oxygen. 96% of the body is oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14200/jrm.2019.0106, Categories: Journal of Restorative Medicine. It is an element which is present in all the fluids of the human body which allows the toxins and waste to be transported and eliminated. Is it anything more than a solvent, than a current that carries the other elements to all parts of the body? Chemistry is all-potent. This is a table of the elemental composition of the human body by mass for a 70 kg (154 lb) person. Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common chronic pain condition affecting approximately 10 million people in the United States and an estimated 3%–6% of the global population.37, Evidence indicates that the muscle pain and fatigue that occurs in fibromyalgia may be associated with impaired muscle tissue microcirculation and oxygen metabolism.38 A number of studies have observed lower skin/muscle blood flow or oxygen consumption in fibromyalgia patients.39–42 Moreover, recovery times for oxygen levels after muscle ischemia or aerobic exercise are longer in individuals with fibromyalgia.43, 44 Another study found evidence of low tissue oxygenation in fibromyalgia patients as evidenced by abnormal or low muscle oxygenation in the trigger point area of painful muscles.45, Furthermore, studies have demonstrated that fibromyalgia symptoms are exacerbated in lower atmospheric pressure climates where there is decreased oxygen pressure.46 Fibromyalgia patients respond successfully to the increased oxygen pressure in hyperbaric chamber treatment as well as to coenzyme Q10 supplementation, which enhances the body’s use of oxygen.46, Heart disease and high blood pressure are linked to sleep apnea, which has a higher prevalence in patients with cardiac disorders compared to healthy controls.47 Even mild sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease due to apnea-induced arterial stiffness.48 In one study, 91% (51 of 56) of subjects who had suffered a stroke had sleep apnea.49 The combination of strokes and sleep apnea was associated with an increased risk of silent strokes and white matter lesions, increasing the risk of disability at hospital discharge. [ 4 ] [ 5 ] During cellular respiration, cells use oxygen to break down sugar to produce ATP, or adenosine triphosphate. This is where air comes into the human body, and this air … The many benefits of massage therapy including reducing pain and improving functionality in patients with osteoarthritis and fibromyalgia,70, 71 relieving low back pain,72 reducing blood pressure73 and the incidence of chronic tension headaches,74 and improving mitochondrial function75 may all be associated with increased oxygen perfusion to tissues. Benefits of Oxygen in Human Body. 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of the six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Ongoing exercise, on the other hand, encourages more blood oxygen to be pumped throughout the body, allowing for greater ability to move without feeling pain, assuming we don’t exceed our individual aerobic threshold. Estimation of oxygen mass transport, through separate measurement of cardiac output and the elements of oxygen content. In the stressed mice, the HBO significantly decreased the detrimental effects of stress on healing, and increased healing to nearly the level of that of control animals. Furthermore, in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the presence of severe OSA was related to suicidal ideation, indicating that hypoxia can exacerbate the negative consequences of chronic stress.11. It has a number of limitations that can result in inaccurate readings in some cases.66 In a survey of 551 critical care nurses, 37% were unaware that patient motion compromises the accuracy of oximeters, 15% did not know that poor signal quality can affect reading accuracy, and 30% thought that SpO2 readings could be a replacement for arterial blood gas samples when managing ICU patients.67, 68 Values are also inaccurate when the patient’s finger is cold. Body type (slim, fat, tall, petite, wide-shouldered, etc) and body composition (percentages of fat, bone and muscle) are influenced by postnatal factors such as diet and exercise. petite organelles mitochondria, click here. When the cells use up their natural allotted cell divisions, the end is death! This fluid composed of two parts of hydrogen is of vital importance to the body, as it makes up 60% of it. With coordinated precision the irritant is sneezed out. Blog. These data indicated that more than 70% of individuals with migraines who are treated with HBO may achieve relief of pain within about 40 minutes. what role does water play in the human body? There is any number of chemical changes or reactions in a living body, but are the atoms and molecules that are involved in such changes radically changed? While oxygen supports our life, and "oxidizes" or "burns" food to create energy and heat for our bodies, certain types of altered oxygen molecules called "Free Radicals" which are ever-present in our bodies, will damage our own cells and even our DNA, causing degeneration and diseases such as cancer. Role of Oxygen in Human Body. However, benefits of massage can be short term and disappear after treatment stops.70 Bad posture, stress, and other factors can eliminate the beneficial effects. No funding was received for the preparation or writing of this article. Veterans with sleep apnea have a pronounced increase in depression, anxiety, psychosis, and post-traumatic stress disorder.59 Moreover, in one study of 32 newly diagnosed sleep apnea patients who also suffered from depression, researchers found a connection between the severity of depression and the degree of hypoxia; the severity of depression correlated to the degree of sleepiness and to low oxygen saturation.60 After treatment for sleep apnea, the patients’ depression improved. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020 Additionally, the two body systems work together … by: Catherine Eddy Macromolecules The Role of Elements in the Human Body: Carbon Carbon is a very abundant element found on earth since ancient times. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. Through respiration the gas is transported to lungs and is absorbed in the bloodstream in the lungs. Role of Oxygen in human body and the basis for life – 3 You know that sneezing is the body’s way of getting rid of something that’s irritating the nose. However, carbon monoxide and nitric oxide also compete for oxygen-binding sites on enzymes such as cytochrome C oxidase and thus may also play a role in oxygen signaling.22 Improvement in mitochondrial function can parallel increases in oxygen saturation. With coordinated precision the irritant is sneezed out. For example, supplementation of overweight women with omega-3 fatty acids combined with lifestyle alteration that included healthy diet education and aerobic exercise significantly improved V̇o2max outcome (P=0.03).90 Branched-chain amino acid supplementation has also been known to improve endurance exercise capacity in part by increasing V̇o2max in trained male subjects (P<0.05).91, Use of a CPAP machine is the standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnea patients. As noted earlier in this article, Ginkgo has been found to work synergistically with hyperbaric oxygen in reducing amyloid-beta protein burden in rodents.62 The mechanism of action of these two synergistic treatments involved reducing cell toxicity and oxidative stress by inhibiting mitochondria-controlled apoptosis signaling.62 In a human study, Ginkgo biloba combined with hyperbaric oxygen either resolved or improved tinnitus in approximately 80% of the patients (P=0.046).81, In vitro, Ginkgo biloba has been shown to protect human vascular endothelial cells and retinal pigment epithelial cells against injury from hypoxia.82, 83Ginkgo biloba also has been shown to increase ocular and cerebral blood flow.84–86 Cerebral injury related to low oxygen perfusion after surgery is one of the main causes of post-surgery disability and death.87Ginkgo biloba extract has been shown to enhance cerebral oxygen supply, lower cerebral oxygen extraction rate and consumption, and help regulate the balance between cerebral oxygen supply and consumption after surgery.87, Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) juice is another substance that has beneficial effects due to its ability to increase levels of nitric oxide, which is involved in improving blood flow.88 Hypoxia can impair exercise performance in athletes while the use of beetroot juice may reduce this hypoxia-induced effect on cardiorespiratory endurance.88, SUPPLEMENTS TO IMPROVE MAXIMUM OXYGEN CONSUMPTION (V̇O2MAX), V̇o2max is the maximum amount of oxygen used by the lungs during one minute of strenuous exercise. Omega-3 fatty acids and NAC may also be beneficial in this population. Oxygen allows humans to burn food, creating energy. HBO – which delivers 100% oxygen – was administered twice per day to one group of stressed mice and to one control group during early wound repair. ", Fragments from the book: The Breath of Life by John Burroughs, Return to Oxygen Review Home Page click here. A mechanical mixture of two or more elements is a simple affair, but a chemical mixture introduces an element of magic. The hypoxia that occurs at high altitude may be a trigger for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) flare ups.61 Learning and memory is also affected by oxygen levels. Without oxygen, we can't process food or make energy. It's this "oxygen fire" that contracts our muscles, repairs our cells, feeds our brains, and even calms our nerves. 96% of the body is oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. Oxygen plays a vital role in the breathing processes and in the metabolism of the living organisms. Hypoxia has been associated with a number of health concerns, whereas administering oxygen in a hyperbaric chamber or improving sleep apnea has been beneficial in cardiovascular health, immunity, cognitive function, and other disorders. Is it any more alive? The enzyme uses oxygen to catalyze many oxidation reactions in the body (metabolism). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and massage are two means by which to improve oxygen perfusion. The values for any particular person may be different, especially for the trace elements. Carbon constitutes roughly 18 percent of body mass, and millions of carbon atoms form the thousands of molecules in virtually every cell. When neurons in a particular region of the brain are highly active, they consume a great deal of oxygen, which results in recruitment of extra blood flow to that region. Blood in the human body contains red and white blood cells, platelets, and plasma.As blood passes through the lungs, oxygen is picked up by a substance called hemoglobin in red blood cells. In individuals with chronic low oxygen due to chronic obstructive airway disease or pulmonary fibrosis, testosterone concentrations are often low.25 Low testosterone levels also are frequently observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Alzheimer's and Parkinson's are reported to be responding to it. For example, a study showed that treatment with a positive airway pressure device (CPAP) in people who had sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes caused an increase in insulin sensitivity and a decline in HbA1c levels.58. A "radical" is an atom with an unbalanced electrical charge, and it will seek to steal electrons from other atoms - such as the atoms of our body cells! It removes toxins from the body and is the key element in the “combustion” of glucose molecules (the primary mammalian energy source) to produce energy in the form of ATP, the bodies primary form of stored energy at the biochemical level. It helps the brain making it more powerful and stable to process billions of bits of information each second. Every tissue and organ in the body is dependent upon oxygen to function effectively. Not only that, but breathing is our body's chief cleansing tool. This oxidation is the source of energy of most of the animals, mainly of mammals. Life comes to matter as the flowers come in the spring, — when the time is ripe for it, — and it disappears when the time is over-ripe. Because the hyperbaric chamber introduces oxygen to the body at high pressure, it increases the concentration of oxygen in the blood. This is the process of chemical and physical change which goes on continually in the human body: build-up of new tissue, replacement of old tissue, conversion of food to energy, disposal of waste materials, reproduction - all the activities that we characterize as "life.". This process of delivering oxygen to tissues is known as perfusion. Does water undergo any chemical change in the body? A study of 32 elderly subjects found that greater exposure to air pollution (both traffic and non-traffic industrial sources) reduced oxygen saturation. This means that all body fluids are partially composed of … your body is made of cells, and cells need oxygen to survive. Journal of Restorative Medicine – Current Issue » The Crucial Role of Oxygen for Health, Source: Journal of Restorative Medicine, Volume 8, Number 1, 15 February 2019, Authors: Meletis, Chris; Wilkesa, Kimberly. Therefore, it isn't surprising that most of a human body's mass is oxygen. Hyperbaric oxygen and Ginkgo administered separately protected against cell death; however, the combination of both enhanced the beneficial effects. Role of Oxygen in a Human Body. The brain represents only 2% of the human body weight; it receives 15% of the cardiac output, 20% of total body oxygen consumption, and 25% of total body glucose utilization. According to the Mayo clinic, 95%–100% oxygen saturation is considered normal blood oxygen levels.3 However, in clinical practice, many patients with a 95% oxygen saturation often show signs and symptoms of hypoxia, such as marginal night time oxygenation trending towards apnea. Take a look inside the cell to see these "powerhouses" of the cell. Topics: oxygen common questions performance video-only health information & research boost oxygen videos studies. Although the harmful effects of pollution are mostly attributed to the presence of toxic substances such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and other organic components such as endotoxins, its potential to deplete oxygen levels is an important concern. This has the effect of replacing some of the nitrogen in the blood with oxygen, which is easier to tolerate out of solution. The end of gravity? Oxygen therefore contributes a majority of a human body's mass, followed by carbon. However, this standard device can vary in accuracy depending on a number of factors. Oxygen is the most important element for living beings because it sustains life on the planet earth. Research shows that cells have only a "limited number" of cell divisions possible in a human lifetime. Probably, the only living cells that do not need oxygen are some anaerobic bacteria that obtain energy from other metabolic processes. 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