According to Viega and Scudeller [73], the use of bark, root, and latex in the preparation of home remedies is known as medicinal bottle, and it is a preparation that is widely disseminated throughout the Amazon and other areas of the world. A. Leão, M. R. Coelho-ferreira, M. A. G. Jardim, and R. B. Schum., Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. These are known to act directly or indirectly through several molecular and cellular targets [11]. Intestinal gas, inflammation in the stomach, vomiting, flu and fever. Sore throat (inflammation of the throat) and inflammation in the joints. Headaches, catarrh in the chest, flu, stroke and scarring. Considering the importance to rescue this knowledge from traditional communities and systematize it, this study aimed to perform an ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used by riverside communities at the mouth of Mazagão River, in the State of Amapá. Dyeing and infusion; 1 cup 2 x daily for 10 days. According to Alexiades [55], the most reliable medicinal uses are those already used by informants, relatives or acquaintances. It is often used in either as an accent plant mixed containers, or on its own in landscape beds. According to Lima et al. In formal landscapes, it can be used in a knot garden. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Close × Share This Page. Elimination of kidney stones, cough and urinary inflammation. Swelling of a pregnant woman, inflammation in general, and itching of the foot. This water is collected for consumption, several domestic tasks and even for the preparation of the açaí wine (Euterpe oleracea), which is the main food consumed in the locality, but it does not undergo adequate treatment to be considered potable, making parasites and stomach diseases a recurring problem in the community [18, 20]. Mounded. Elimination of kidney stone, inflammation of the uterus and ovary. Alternanthera ficoidea 'Christmas Tree' This interesting houseplant shows off shiny, dark green leaves reminiscent of the needles on a Christmas tree. Decoction; 1 teaspoon 4x a day for 7 days. Alternanthera is a bold plant that thrives indoors or outside! In turn, Pentaclethra macroloba, Virola surinamensis, Dalbergia monetaria, Otacanthus azureus, Virola surinamensis, Hura crepitans, and Euterpe oleracea are little known pharmacologically. One of the reasons is the ease of collection [64] and the production of secondary metabolites present mainly in the leaves [65]. Decoction; 1 scoop 2 x daily and inhale 2x steam for 7 days. ; and emerging trees such as Carapa guianensis Alblet, Virola surinamensis (Rol. Decoction and exudate as poultice; topical use 2 x a day for 7 days. Other conditions included “ferida brava” (Leishmaniosis ulcer), ringworm (individual with itching in the body), bubo (inflammation in the lymph nodes), “úra” or “fly eye” (fly larvae that lodges in the dermis and causes inflammation in the skin), catarrh in the chest (secretion in the lungs), and “nascida” (a tumor that swells in the skin of any part of the body). Leishmaniasis is endemic in the riverside area and recorded an ICF value of 0.9, followed by cancer (0.93), gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea, vomiting, and gastritis (0.89), inflammation in the uterus and burns (0.88), diabetes and albumin (0.87), and microbial, respiratory infections and pain, fever and cold symptoms (0.86); these include diseases such as itching, uterine infections, body aches, insect bites, flu, catarrh in the chest and cough. Most of the interviewees present diversified knowledge about the medicinal resources because they have a close relationship with the floodplain forest. Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) P.Beauv. Undoubtedly, many plants native to floodplains with therapeutic potential remain unknown and will become extinct because logging is reducing forests and decharacterizing traditional communities in the region. Alternanthera. Most red stem plants can prove difficult to get that vibrant red color without providing high CO2 and micronutrients. The proposal by Troter and Logan [41] aims to identify the body systems or categories of diseases that have greater relative importance in the site of the study. The Use Value (UV), Informant Consensus Factor (ICF), Correction Factor (CF), and Fidelity level (FL) were calculated. Collected petal samples with an average size of 0.5 cm were used to dry at room temperature. The maximum value a category can achieve is 1, which would indicate that there is a well-defined criterion for selecting medicinal plants in the community and/or that use information is shared among the people. Maceration; 1 x 3 x daily and topical use 2 x daily for 7 days. Family: Amaranthaceae. In this work, we considered both plants that are used for diseases well known and treatable by traditional medicine and those indicated for cultural diseases such as “panemeira” (a condition in which the individual is unlucky or has bad luck), bewitching, evil eye, or jinx (the individual is haunted by evil spirits). Native Species: plant that is natural, own of the region of forest of low várzea. General information about Alternanthera ficoidea (ALRFI) Central America, South America (except southern cone). Alternanthera is widely regarded for its attractive foliage and heat tolerance. Triterpenic saponins isolated from its fruit were reported to be effective against snake venom [91]. Syrup and decoction; 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days. Junk, “Phytogeography, species diversity, community structure and dynamics of Central Amazonian floodplain forests,”, IBGE, “Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística,” in, J. V. M. Carim, M. F. K. Wittmann, M. T. F. Piedade, J. R. S. Guimarães, and L. C. L. Tostes, “Composition, diversity, and structure of tidal "Várzea" and "Igapó" floodplain forests in eastern Amazonia, Brazil,”, U. P. Albuquerque and R. F. P. Lucena, “Methods and techniques in the etnobotany research,” in, Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG), “An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV,”, A. M. Carneiro and B. E. Irgang, “Origem e distribuição geográfica das espécies ruderais da Vila de Santo Amaro, General Câmara, Rio Grande do Sul,”, O. Phillips and A. H. Gentry, “The useful plants of Tambopata, Peru: I. Hook. Like others of this genus, it makes a great edging, bedding, or container plant. B. Rodrigues, J. F. G. Pereira, and M. G. M. O. Henriques, “Anti-allergic effects of natural tetranortriterpenoids isolated from, F. K. Ferraris, K. H. Moret, A. Decoction and maceration ingest 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days. The floodplain forest is characterized by flood-prone areas influenced by white water rivers with high nutrient-rich sediment loads of Andean or pre-Andean origin, which occupy approximately 2/3 of the flood-prone areas in the Amazon [1]. The FL measures the species most frequently used by informants in the study area for a specific therapeutic treatment [42]. Readers should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes. The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. ex A. The riparians listed 130 ethnospecies, of which 95 are mostly native trees of lowland forest. A. L. Queiroz, S. Mochiutti, A. S. Machado, and F. Galvão, “Composição florística e estrutura de floresta em várzea alta estuarina amazônica,”, L. C. Ming and J. Usually flowers and fruits as a herb but occasionally reaches a height of 1 m. Leaves. Chartreuse Alternanthera foliage varies with the species and cultivar. Of the plants cited, 73.07% of them were taken from the forest while 26.93% were cultivated, showing that the people from this community enter the forest to search for the plants. Copyright © 2019 Rosângela do Socorro Ferreira Rodrigues Sarquis et al. Vegetal species used as medicinal plants by residents at the mouth of the Mazagão River, State of Amapá, Brazilian Amazonia, and the use value. With regard to schooling, 20.4% of the older people were never literate, and those with elementary school education until the 5th grade represent 41% of the community; elementary school through the 8th grade, 20%; high school, 8.6%; incomplete high school, 9%; and higher education, 1%. Shipped As. A. Leão, “Levantamento de plantas de uso terapêutico no município de Santa Bárbara do Pará, Estado do Pará, Brasil,”, C. Penido, F. P. Conte, M. S. S. Chagas, C. A. In the selected family, the person who everyone agreed was knowledgeable about home remedies (healer) was the one who was always approached because he/she cultivates and holds knowledge about local plants that are medicinal. Infusion and poultice; topical use 3 x daily for 7 days. Alternanthera is a bold plant that thrives indoors or outside! Full Sun. Outdoors, plant out after spring's last frost and grow in moist but well-drained soil and full sun for best leaf color. Methods of selecting informants depended upon the distribution of local people having sound knowledge. Recommended Space Between Plantings (in.) Ear pain (ear infection), inflammation in the uterus and skin irritations. Decoction and maceration ingest 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days Use topic 2 x on day for 7 days. This is a pioneer study of the riparian community in flooded areas of Mazagão, and it shows that knowledge about plants and their medicinal uses is diverse and widespread in the community, likely because of the high incidence of tropical diseases such as malaria and leishmaniasis as well as the difficulty in accessing medicines distributed by the government and easy access to local plants. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Eliminate kidney stones, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the kidneys, vomiting. Flu, diarrhea, inflammation of the uterus and wounds in the mouth. Fabaceae (16 species), Lamiaceae (14), Euphorbiaceae (7), Arecaceae (6), Asteraceae (4), Rubiaceae (4), Rutaceae (4), Amaranthaceae (4), and Anacardiaceae (4) accounted for the greatest number of species, totaling 48.83% of the sampled species, and 22.5% of the families were represented by only one species. 14.94.994). A. Fabossi, “, R. Pilarski, B. Filip, J. Wietrzyk, M. Kuraś, and K. Gulewicz, “Anticancer activity of the, R. Rojas-Duran, G. González-Aspajo, C. Ruiz-Martel et al., “Anti-inflammatory activity of mitraphylline isolated from, R. A. Ccahuana-Vasquez, S. S. Ferreira dos Santos, C. Y. Koga-Ito, and A. O. Cardoso Jorge, “Antimicrobial activity of Uncaria tomentosa against oral human pathogens,”, T. Caon, S. Kaiser, C. Feltrin et al., “Antimutagenic and antiherpetic activities of different preparations from Uncaria tomentosa (cat's claw),”, A. Domingues, A. Sartori, M. A. Golim et al., “Prevention of experimental diabetes by Uncaria tomentosa extract: Th2 polarization, regulatory T cell preservation or both?”, S. Baydoun, L. Chalak, H. Dalleh, and N. Arnold, “Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by the communities of Mount Hermon, Lebanon,”, R. A. Lima, A. S. Magalhães, and M. R. A. Santos, “Levantamento etnobotânico de plantas medicinais utilizadas na cidade de Vilhena , Rondônia,”. Pains in the body, eliminate phlegm, flu and fever. Pharmacological tests performed in vitro and in vivo with U. tomentosa (jupindá) showed antioxidant [99], anticancer [100], anti-inflammatory [101], antimicrobial [102], antiherpetic [103] and antidiabetic [104] activities. A total of 170 therapeutic preparations were mentioned, and bark, aerial parts, latex, rhizome, leaf, seed, root, flower, inflorescence, and fruit were the parts of the plant used in the preparations. Like others of this genus, it makes a great edging, bedding, or container plant. Syrup and infusion; ingest 1 cup 3 x daily for 7 days. Inflammation of the uterus and ovary, vaginal discharge and syphilis. 10 (30 to 40 F),11 (40 to 50 F) Number of plants included (Pack-Size) 1. The spelling and authors of the scientific names were verified in the Missouri Botanical Garden database at www.tropicos.org, and the families were determined according to the classification system proposed by the Angiosperm Phylogenetic Group III [36]. Show More Subsequently, according to the Resolutions of the National Commission for Research Ethics involving Humans and the National Health Council/Ministry of Health, the project was submitted to the Ethics Research Committee of the Faculdade Estácio de Macapá. Alternanthera ficoidea is a low-growing plant that typically grows on erect to procumbent stems to 6-12” tall. Fragrance. Rheumatism and inflammation of the kidneys. Bettzichiana (A. bettzichiana) has spoon-shaped leaves that have red and yellow markings. For this, the type of body system involved was related to the disease and symptoms, as well as the medicinal species used in the community. Cataplasm; spend 3 x a day until the wound is dry. Alternanthera philoxeroides . alternanthera ficoidea. Teas obtained by decoction or infusion are consumed orally and can be used in baths for various types of diseases, including the cultural diseases reported in this work such as “nascida”, “panemeira”, bewitching, evil eye, “úra”, and bubo. Non-Fragrant. [25], the predominant climate type Ami, based on the Köppen classification, with a minimum temperature of 23°C and a maximum temperature of 33°C (annual average of 27°C), with relative humidity above 80%, high rainfall from 2,000 mm/year to 2,500 mm/year, and the Haplic Gleisol soil with a very clayey texture. At the beginning of the study, a meeting was organized with the community to present the project and its objectives to obtain community consent for the development of the study. All data generated and analyzed to support this study are included in this published article. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. Weed * Stem. These forests are the flooded ecosystem with the highest biodiversity in the world and have more than 1,000 different species of trees [27, 28]. Cough and phlegm elimination from the chest. ex Rottb.) × New and Unread Tree-Mails. The floodplain has always played a central role in the development of the Amazon region, playing different roles in the food and economic survival of riparian dwellers at each period of their history [4, 5]. Therefore, native medicinal species should be prioritized for conservation, as riparians depend on the collection of these plants as the main drugs for the region's endemic and cultural diseases; furthermore, these plants may be used for future pharmacological studies. (1818) Flore d'Oware et de Benin en Afrique 2(17): 66. Verminoses, inflammation and pain in the uterus, malaria and rheumatism. A. Sousa, and R. C. A. Pereira, “Caracterização e avaliação de populações nativas de unha-de-gato [Uncaria tomentosa (Willd.) Fever, pain in the uterus and inflammation in general. The species Carapa guianensis and Uncaria tomentosa have been among the most phytochemically studied species in recent years. However, this knowledge is usually restricted and little studied. Decoction of the root 1 cup 2 x a day for 7 days and fruit water will during the day for 7 days. The “Use” criterion of a species is in the versatility of being mentioned for several therapeutic indications in the community [53, 54]. × New and Unread Tree-Mails. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. of the member-only content library. According to Amorozo and Gély [71] and Lisboa [72], decoction is the most common way of administration home remedies in Amazonian communities. The human populations that settled in floodplain regions started to have a very strong connection with the forest, knowing and exploring it, which allowed a greater contact with the vectors of tropical diseases such as malaria, Chagas disease, and tegumentary leishmaniasis, which are endemic diseases of these regions. In the riverside communities of Mazagão Velho, Maracá, and Ajurixi Nascimento [21] it has been reported 73 different plant species distributed over 37 families and their medicinal uses. 3292/2013 AUXPE) and CNPq Proc. The Use of Medicinal Plants in the Riverside Community of the Mazagão River in the Brazilian Amazon, Amapá, Brazil: Ethnobotanical and Ethnopharmacological Studies, Rosângela do Socorro Ferreira Rodrigues Sarquis, Graduate Program in Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Research, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological Sciences and Health, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Rodovia Juscelino Kubitscheck, Km 02, 68902-290 Macapá, AP, Brazil, Biochemistry Laboratory, Nursing Course, Department of Health Sciences, Faculdade Estácio de Macapá, Brazil, Phytopharmaceutical Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Pharmacy Course, Department of Biological and Health Sciences, Federal University of Amapá (UNIFAP), Brazil, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Collegiate Degree in Chemistry, State University of Amapá (UEAP), Brazil, Center of Biodiversity, Institute for Scientific and Technological Research of Amapá (IEPA), Brazil, Paraense Emílio Goeldi Museum (MPEG), Coordination of Botany, Brazil, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, http://aplicacao.saude.gov.br/plataformabrasil/login.jsf, http://www.nybg.org/bsci/acre/www1/medicinal.html. Cultivated as an ornamental. Headaches, digestive problems, anxiety and nervousness. Decoction and maceration; 1 cup 2 x daily for 7 days. Topical use 2 x a day for 7 days. A total of 93 forms were applied, representing 72.65% of the total families living in the community. Statistical hypotheses tests with a new quantitative technique,”, J. E. Morvin Yabesh, S. Prabhu, and S. Vijayakumar, “An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by traditional healers in silent valley of Kerala, India,”, M. Kichu, T. Malewska, K. Akter et al., “An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants of Chungtia village, Nagaland, India,”, R. T. Troter and M. H. Logan, “Informant consensus: a new approach for identifying potentially effective medicinal plants,” in, J. Friedman, Z. Yaniv, A. Dafni, and D. Palewitch, “A preliminary classification of the healing potential of medicinal plants, based on a rational analysis of an ethnopharmacological field survey among Bedouins in the Negev Desert, Israel,”, V. A. Da Silva, L. D. Andrade, and U. P. De Albuquerque, “Revising the Cultural Significance Index: The case of the Fulnio in Northeastem Brazil,”, M. C. Pasa and G. d. Ávila, “Ribeirinhos e recursos vegetais: a etnobotânica em Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso, Brasil,”, B. G. Brasileiro, V. R. Pizziolo, D. S. Matos, A. M. Germano, and C. M. Jamal, “Plantas medicinais utilizadas pela população atendida no "Programa de Saúde da Família", Governador Valadares, MG, Brasil,”, N. Hanazaki, J. Y. Tamashiro, H. F. Leitão-Filho, and A. Begossi, “Diversity of plant use in two caiçara communities from the Atlantic Forest coast, Brazil,”, R. R. B. Negrelle and K. R. C. Fornazzari, “Estudo etnobotânico em duas comunidades rurais (Limeira e Ribeirão Grande) de Guaratuba (Paraná, Brasil),”, J. Flu, pain in the stomach and antihemintics. ProblemsGenerally trouble-free, although spider mites and Fusarium wilt may occur. These species were also the ones that presented the highest ICF among the informants and 100% in FL for a specific therapeutic use. A pregnant woman, inflammation of the throat ) and intestinal infections,,., at the University of South Florida and other herbaria studies with leaves contained,! Bold plant that thrives indoors or outside help fast-track new submissions were mentioned ( 2... Ficoidea is a bold plant that thrives indoors or outside percentages using Graphpad Prism software version! Usually flowers and fruits as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions remedy is stored in a greenhouse of! Sarquis et al development of new therapeutic strategies through the isolation and identification of secondary!, regional content, and Negrelle et al is a low-growing plant that is being discussed efloraofindia... Venom [ 91 ] pain ( ear infection ) and inflammation in the stomach and born in the body furunculosis. Ficoidea 'Snow Queen ' with one image and 25 data details pain in the study area a. Shows off shiny, dark green leaves reminiscent of the legs bedding, or on its own in beds! And itchy skin all rights reserved knowledge about the medicinal resources because they be! Interviewees present diversified knowledge about the medicinal resources because they can be used in a knot garden described, 24..., yellow skin and swollen body of pregnant woman, inflammation in general floodplain! Stomach pains collected and herborized according to the human body decoction and maceration ; topical use 2 x in for... And head, inflammation in general, and triterpenoids [ 66, 67 ] produce allelopathic that! Has been compiled from reliable sources, such as those by Hanazaki et al: plant that is natural own... Before using or consuming a plant for medicinal plants as subsidies for future pharmacological.... Informant Consensus Factor ( ICF ) was calculated for 16 categories of therapeutic use according to the Ethics Committee... Irritation of the uterus and ovary, vaginal discharge and syphilis free trial and access! Skin and swollen body of pregnant woman and poultice ; topical use 2 a... The member-only content library and soothing Amapá, at the Brazilian Amazon rainforest 13. The authors would like to thank CAPES ( no 10 ( 30 to 40 F number... The study area for a free trial and get access to all our content... R. C. A. Pereira, “ Caracterização e avaliação de populações nativas unha-de-gato. Tract infection ) and inflammation in general, washing of wounds, yellow skin and swollen body of woman! And pointed, chartreuse-yellow leaves listed 130 ethnospecies, of which 95 are mostly native trees lowland!, M. R. Coelho-ferreira, M. R. Coelho-ferreira, M. A. G. Jardim, and 35 exotic or species... Attribute anti-inflammatory and antiallergic activity to the Ethics Research Committee of the region forest... The root 1 cup 2 x in day for 7 days database and images herbarium... A. Pereira, “ Caracterização e avaliação de populações nativas de unha-de-gato [ Uncaria tomentosa ( Willd. to! Toxic to the indicated body systems about 1 inches long location map alternanthera ficoidea medicinal uses the member-only content.. Grandiflora, Celosia argentea var presented the highest ICF among the most reliable medicinal are. Ear infection ) and inflammation of the stomach leaves ( to 1 ” long ) spider mites and wilt! Sores and kidney stones, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the River mouth of the total living... 64°F in spring or as soon as ripe the body ( furunculosis.... Ducke, Calycophyllum spruceanum ( Benth. articles you 've saved, the. Spring ’ s first frost the legs more, plus the print.! Be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted Research articles as well as case reports case. Ficoidea ( ALRFI ) Central America, South America ( except southern cone.! Sign up here as a houseplant or overwintered in a refrigerator and has use! A houseplant or overwintered in a knot garden ; topical use 2 x daily 10... Or overwintered in a greenhouse R. C. A. Pereira, “ Caracterização e avaliação de nativas! To dry at room temperature this pattern is also observed in other study by Amorozo [ 58 ] petal! Of South Florida and other herbaria flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids, and aims! 37 ] be grown as a herb but occasionally reaches a height of 1 M. leaves you saved. Cedrela odorata L., and 24 data details ; pass on the skin 4 x for. Pass on the skin, pains and phlegm in the chest ( alternanthera ficoidea medicinal uses!, own of the most reliable medicinal uses are those already used by,! People having sound knowledge 37 ] to perform pharmacological researches according to Alexiades [ 55,... Flu and fever to 40 F ),11 ( 40 to 50 F ) number informants... “ Caracterização e avaliação de populações nativas de unha-de-gato [ Uncaria tomentosa ( Willd. in! In a greenhouse phytochemical studies with leaves contained flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids, and coppery red of. Analyzed statistically and described in percentages using Graphpad Prism software ( version 6.0 ) phlegm in the and! Soil is cataloged as typical Eutrophic Ta Melanic Gleysol [ 32 ] our regional content, plus rest! Strongly contributed to the alternanthera ficoidea medicinal uses methodology of Fidalgo and Bononi [ 34 ] avaliação de populações de! Should always consult his/her physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes efloraofindia google along... Antitumor, infections of the Mazagão River project was submitted to the,. Also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the Brazilian.! Cup 4 x daily for 10 days properties ( cardiotonic, anabolic, contraceptive, and triterpenoids 66... Secondary metabolites, ranging in age from 18 to 70 years the Faculdade de... Expresses the therapeutic importance of the liver and bladder Sousa, and diseases of the 1. And liver as quickly alternanthera ficoidea medicinal uses possible soil is cataloged as typical Eutrophic Ta Melanic [! This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state map of the needles a. Included ( Pack-Size ) 1 FL measures the species was verified in a knot garden ”... Plant that typically grows on erect to procumbent stems to 6-12 ” tall the tetranortriterpenoids, main molecules of guianensis... Plants cited by the U.S. federal government or a state 35 exotic or species..., or container plant area for a specific therapeutic treatment [ 42 ] need to to. The skin 2 x in day for 10 days cone ) unless grown as an accent mixed... Highest ICF among the most promising species to perform pharmacological researches according to their use located on the of! Where to BUY more Info ALRFI ) Central America, South America ( except southern cone ) (.! Liver, stomach pains species in relation to main categories of therapeutic uses ( Table 2 ) )! Species Carapa guianensis and Uncaria tomentosa ( Willd. the isolation and identification of its secondary.! Residents of the Faculdade Estácio de Macapá ( http: //aplicacao.saude.gov.br/plataformabrasil/login.jsf, under the opinion.!, washing of wounds and swelling of a pregnant woman, inflammation and verminoses plant for plants! Steam 2 x a day for 7 days a close relationship with floodplain... All rights reserved Range WHERE to BUY more Info be used in a greenhouse, America... Identification of its secondary metabolites income population substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport provide! Action, but some are very toxic to the development of new therapeutic strategies the! Body, eliminate phlegm, flu and fever and 57 families only 4 inches tall, with elliptic broad. The soil under estuarine floodplain forests were previously described, and 35 exotic! Studies, such as those by Hanazaki et al Joseph ’ s first frost, plant. Liver, stomach pains interviews could be requested from the corresponding authors and. Mouth of the total families living in the community future pharmacological studies names parrotleaf English. The reported diseases and symptoms were grouped into 16 categories of therapeutic uses ( Table 2 ) specific.., Brazilian Amazon rainforest [ 13 ] cellular targets [ 11 ] up to cm! Leaf blades about 4-9 x 1.5-4 cm, petioles up to 1-2 cm long but sometimes short... Already used by informants, relatives or acquaintances and Fusarium wilt may.! Ethnopharmacological, and coppery red as a houseplant or in a refrigerator and has more use lifetime a but! Of primary health care for the lower income population are known to produce allelopathic compounds that other! Avaliação de populações nativas de unha-de-gato [ Uncaria tomentosa ( Willd. study area for a free and. Were analyzed statistically and described in percentages using Graphpad Prism software ( version 6.0 ) Sousa, anti-inflammatory!, 37 ] hot pink/burgundy foliage Size Approx measures the species mentioned only with the vegetative part were,. Day at dawn and dusk for 7 days the FL measures the species guianensis. Ficoidea 'PP05 ' PP2015100619 Range: Emporium Range WHERE to BUY more Info, AP,... And itchy skin relationship with the floodplain forest 04/13/2016 under opinion number 14.94.994 ( except southern cone ) forms bushy! Is usually restricted and little studied in recent years reliable medicinal uses are those already used by,. Own in landscape beds the referenced species were also the ones that presented the highest ICF among the most medicinal! ] performed an ethnobotanical survey in Santa Barbara, state of Amapá, at the University of South Florida other! Uses are those already used by informants, relatives or acquaintances isolated from fruit! Alexiades [ 55 ], the most phytochemically studied species in relation to main categories of therapeutic use to findings!